Asia will play an increasingly important role in the world in terms of driving global growth, innovation and contributing significant resources and expertise to solving global problems. However, the reverse of these core planning assumptions (and many others) are also plausible. Changes in the social, technological, economic, environmental, political, and security realms will reshape Asia over the next decade, which may result in quite different and potential surprises - both positive and negative. In its 2013 foresight study, The Future of Asia: Forces of Change and Potential Surprises, Horizons explored the forces of change shaping Asia and implications for Canada and Australia over the next 10 to 15 years. Some of the insights uncovered as part of this study’s areas of scanning are included below.
We are entering into a critical period of time for the ecological system and resources of Asia. We are exploring certain areas that are indicating plausible shifts in the production or consumption of energy. These areas include:
- environmental change
“Transforming China’s Grid: Will Coal Remain King in China’s Energy Mix? (link is external)” The Energy Collective.
“30,000 Citizens "Occupy" Highway in China to Protest Coal Pollution (link is external).” Treehugger. (Video)
Asia is home to the second and third largest economies in the world (China and Japan respectively). This part of the world is the fastest growing economic region. In ten to fifteen years, China will likely have the largest GDP and India might take the third spot. During the course of this study on the future of Asia, Horizons will explore the whole Asian economic system. We will look at the following:
- Global and regional trade
- Infrastructure investment
- Diverse economic strategies
- Financial system
- Increased role for modular technology to bring down construction and cost
- The Role of Infrastructure in Integrating Asia's Regions
- Is the Landscape of Science and Technology Shifting Eastward?
- Inclusive Growth as a New Development Model
- Asian Cities become Engines of Global Economic Growth
- Financial Architecture
- E-commerce in Asia: Growth of the Online Marketplace
- Robots as a Social Solution or a Social Disruption in Asia
Review of Developments in Transport in Asia and the Pacific 2011 (link is external). United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific.
The Elusive Quest for Inclusive Growth: Growth, Poverty, and Inequality in Asia (link is external). International Monetary Fund.
South-South Trade: Vital for Development (link is external). Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development.
The concept of governance is usually understood as institutions exercising power delegated by public authority. This includes the analysis of decision-making in many areas (economy, environment, social), the development and efficiency of policies and institutional structures, the accountability and transparency of governments, the respect of citizens for the institutions and the level of participation from others stakeholders. We are scanning in the following areas:
- National and Global Institutions
- Rule of Law
- Civil service efficiency
- Accountability and Transparency
Asia Development Dialogue (link is external), Democratic governance in Asia 2030. (Video)
The Role of East Asian Regional Organizations in Regional Governance: Constraints and Contributions (link is external). Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
Special Issue: Knowledge-building in Asian Public Admin Research, Education, and Practice: Current Trends & Future Challenges (link is external). Public Administration and Development.
Security issues within Asia abound regionally, nationally and internationally. They can be integrated into three areas of concern:
- traditional security threats such as territorial disputes both historically rooted and emerging;
- new aspects of recognized non-traditional security threats such as cyber security or disaster response becoming more than simply response but now involving planning and risk management; and
- emerging security risks including food, water and energy security.
- Shifting Composition of the Asia Pacific Security Architecture
- Fragmentation and Resurgence of Islamic Terrorist Groups in Asia
Worldwide Threat Assessment of the US Intelligence Community (link is external), 2013. Office of the Director of National Intelligence.
Asian societies are changing through demographic shifts, urbanization, rising inequality levels, shifting participation in education, and the influence of social media and new technologies, among other trends. Some areas to watch for signs of social change include:
- Changing values and norms (e.g. intergenerational differences, gender equality, notions of success)
- Social contract (legal, political and social arrangements including social protections, healthcare, labour, taxation)
- Cohesiveness (e.g. management of diversity, demonstrations of nationalism, risks of extremism)
- Management of information flow and control (e.g. censorship)
- Women's Labour Force Participation, Economic Growth and Gender Equality
- Internet and Smart Phones will Shape Rural Asia
- Urbanizing Asia and Green Urban Growth
- Brain Drain to Brain Gain: Reverse Migration to Asia
- The Silver Lining: Opportunities in Aging Asia
“Social Media Censorship Offers Clues to China’s Plans (link is external).” MIT Technology Review.
“City singles in no hurry to tie knot (link is external).” Bangkok Post.